It is not known whether he was born there or immigrated from England/Ireland at that time. His ten marker DNA matches Nathaniel and John, so it is clear that they were all related to a common ancestor. It is most likely that Henry and John were brothers. Henry's early marriage is not known, therefore we do not know the mother of his children. There is a marriage bond dated July 3, 1786 that confirms his late marriage to Mary Looney just a short time before he passed away. No will has been found to date.
Lt. Henry Cartmill, born about 1754, was the son of Henry Cartmill I. Lt. Henrys Am Rev pension application provides the only known record of when the family moved to VA and from where. In his Pension Application in September, 1832 Lt. Henry stated "That he was born in Chester County in Pennsylvania in the year 1754 but has no record of his age. That his father removed with his family to the County of Augusta in Virginia when he was an infant where he remained until about the year 1761 when he again removed to the neighborhood of James River into what is now the County of Botetourt where this applicant has ever since resided."
Lt. Henry Cartmill married Sarah Anderson May 27th, 1776 in Botetourt County. Henry and Sarah appear to have had at least five sons (James, John, Thomas, George, Henry Jr.) and three daughters (Mary, Ann, Elizabeth). Of all the children, only the daughters Mary and Ann ever married. None of the sons nor the daughter Elizabeth ever married. When the last surviving son John Cartmill died in early 1859 the Cartmill name disappeared from Virginia. All other male Cartmills from other family branches had previously left VA by 1820
Henry Cartmill served several tours of duty as an ensign and as a lieutenant with the Botetourt County Militia. (per Lt.Henrys 1832 Am Rev pension application).
Lt. Henry Cartmill inherited the homestead of his father Henry Cartmill I, consisting of about 200 acres plus buildings and stock.
Will of Henry Cartmill I
Wife Mary: Forty pounds, one horse, two cows, 1/2 household furniture during her life.
Youngest son Henry Cartmill: 200 acre homestead plus all stock. Charged with caring for widow Mary.
Son John: 200 acre plantation where John now lives.
Son James: Thirty pounds.Son-in-law James Green: Twenty pounds.
Son-in-law William Patterson: Twelve pounds.
Son-in law James Huston: Five pounds.
Son-in-law Robert Stewart: Five shillings (1/4 pound).
Grandson Henry Stewart: Five pounds when of age.
Executors: Sons John and Henry
Witness: Geo. Skillern, Thos. Sewell, Wm. Neal, James Skidmore
1786 Botetourt County, VA. Will Book A, page 253
1810 - VA Census
Cartmill, Henry >45 abt 1754 2 Slaves
Wife >45 abt 1760 (Sarah Anderson)
1 Male 26-45 1765-1785
4 Males, 2 Females 16-25 1785-1795
1810 Botetourt County, page 612
This is Lt. Henry Cartmill, son of Henry Cartmill I. Lt. Henry Cartmill had about 400 acres on Purgatory Creek at this time (200 acres inherited from his father in 1786 plus a 200 acre grant in 1789).
The above children are probably as follows: James, born abt 1778, George, born abt 1787, Ann, born abt 1788, Elizabeth, born abt 1790, John, born abt 1792, Thomas, born abt 1794 and Henry Jr., born abt 1795. Another daughter, Mary Polly Cartmill, had previously married James Sisson in 1807 and is not listed here.
The relationship of the son George is unproven and George appears to have died young, before 1820. A George Cartmill from Botetourt County served in the war of 1812 under Captain James Cartmill, also from Botetourt County. George does not show up in later censuses nor is he mentioned in his fathers quit claim deed of 1831. Did George die in the war of 1812?
Only two of Lt. Henrys children married; Mary Polly Cartmill married James Sisson in 1807 and Ann Cartmill married Thomas Brown in 1815. The unmarried daughter Elizabeth died in 1856, Thomas died in Aug 1858 and the last surviving brother John died early in 1859.
1820 - VA Census
Cartmill, Henry >45 1754 2 Slaves
4 Males, 1 Female 26-45 1775-1795
1820 Botetourt County, page 54A
This is Lt. Henry Cartmill and his unmarried adult children; James, John, Thomas, Henry Jr. and Elizabeth. Henrys wife Sarah Anderson is apparently deceased by 1820 and only adults are listed in the Henry Cartmill household.
1830 - VA Census
Cartmill, Henry 70-79 abt 1754 16 Slaves
1 Male 40-49 (John) abt 1786
1 Female 40-49 (Betsy) abt 1790
1 Male 30-39 (Henry, Jr.) abt 1795
1 Male 20-29 (Thomas) abt 1805
1830 Botetourt County, page 270.
This is Lt. Henry Cartmill and his unmarried adult children.
1831 - VA Quitclaim Deed, 6 June 1831
Botetourt County, Virginia, Clerk's Office Fincastle, VA. Deed Bk 19, p 581, p 582
Lt. Henry Cartmill and children relinquish all claim to Anderson property. Names wife as Sarah Anderson, deceased. Names children as James Cartmill, Thomas Cartmill, John Cartmill, Elizabeth Cartmill and Henry Cartmill, Jr.
1834 - Will of Henry Cartmill, Jr. (died 1835), son of Lt. Henry Cartmill
Henry Cartmill, Jr. born about 1778 in Botetourt County, VA, died in 1835. Son of Lt. Henry Cartmill. Never Married. Lived in Botetourt County, VA with his father on Purgatory Creek. Died before his father. Will signed 18 Dec 1834. Probated April 1835.
Will Book E, p.557, Botetourt County, VA, Circuit Court, Fincastle, VA
His estate was willed to his brothers.
1836 - Will of James Cartmill (died 1837), son of Lt. Henry Cartmill
James Cartmill, born about 1778, died before 1838 (not named in fathers will signed in 1838), son of Lt. Henry Cartmill. Never married. Lived in Botetourt County, VA with his father on Purgatory Creek. James Cartmills will was signed 13 Dec 1836.
Will Book E, p.736, Botetourt County, Fincastle, VA
James left 1/25th of his estate to his nephew, James Sisson. Half to be divided equally between his brothers, John and Thomas. The other half to be divided equally between his three sisters, Mary Sisson, Betsy Cartmill and Ann Brown.
1838 - Will of Lt. Henry Cartmill (died 1841)
Will Book F, p.330, Botetourt County, VA, Circuit Court, Fincastle, VA
Lt. Henry Cartmills will was signed 14 Nov 1838. Probated in March 1841.
Legacies to his daughters , Elizabeth Cartmill, Ann Brown wife of Thomas Brown, Polly Sissons daughter Ann Sisson, and to sons John and Thomas, with sons John and Thomas as executors. Will signed 14 Nov 1838, probated in March 1841.
Named in the will of Henry Cartmill, Jr., are: sons, John and Thomas, son Henry Jr. deceased, and daughters: Elizabeth, unmarried, Mrs. Ann Brown, wife of Thomas Brown, Polly Sisson, wife of James Sisson.
In the 1810 Census five sons were shown in the household: one 26-45 years old and four 16-25 years old: James, John, Thomas, Henry Jr. and an unknown son. In the 1820 census only four sons are shown in the household. The unknown son is probably George Cartmill, who can be found as a soldier in the war of 1812 serving in the same outfit as his older brother James. George must have died before the 1820 census (casualty of the War of 1812?).
In the 1831 Quit Claim Deed four sons were named; James, John, Thomas and Henry Jr.
In this 1838 will only two sons are named: Thomas and John. Son Henry, Jr. had previously died about 1835 and son James had previously died about 1837.
1840 - VA Census. (Lt. Henry Cartmill was still alive for the 1840 census)
Cartmill, Henry 80-89 abt 1754 19 Slaves, Am Rev Pensioner, 86
2 Males 40-49 abt 1795 (John and Thomas)
1 Female 40-49 abt 1790 (Elizabeth)
1 Female 15-20 abt 1825 (Ann Sisson)
1840 Botetourt County, page 275.
This is Lt. Henry Cartmill, Am Rev soldier, born 1754. The name is spelled CARTWILL in the census index. In the 1840 census there is a column for Am Rev Pensioners in the household and this column is filled out with the age of 86 for Henry. The 15 year old girl listed above is probably Ann Sisson, a granddaughter. Ann Sisson, 25 years old, can be found in the household for the 1850 census. Ann Sisson was the daughter of Mary Polly Cartmill and James Sisson. Mary Polly Cartmill was a daughter of Lt. Henry Cartmill.
1841 - Lt. Henry Cartmill died, will probated in March 1841
Lt. Henry Cartmills will was signed 14 Nov 1838. Probated in March 1841.
Legacies to his daughters , Elizabeth Cartmill, Ann Brown, Polly Sissons daughter Ann Sisson, and to sons John and Thomas, with sons John and Thomas as executors. Will signed 14 Nov 1838, probated in March 1841.
1850 - VA Census
Cartmel, John 58 VA 1792 Farmer, real estate = $8161
Cartmel, Thomas 46 VA 1804 Farmer, real estate = $6855
Cartmel, Betsy 60 VA 1790 real estate = $6175
Ann Scisson 25 VA 1825
1850 Botetourt County, VA, page 074, Household #471.
John, Thomas and Betsy were the unmarried children of Lt. Henry Cartmill who had previously died in 1841. Apparently Betsy owned about 1/3 interest in the estate left by their father when he died (probably 1/3 of the slaves). Ann Sisson, age 25, was a niece, daughter of sister Mary Polly Cartmill married to James Sisson. John, Thomas and Betsy were the last surviving children of Lt. Henry Cartmill and all were deceased by early 1859. Elizabeth died in 1856, Thomas died in August of 1858 and John died before March 1859. Johns age is clearly given as 46 for this census but earlier census records indicate he was born about 1794 making him about 56.
1854 - Elizabeth Cartmill died
Elizabeth Cartmill, born about 1790, died about 1856. Unmarried daughter of Lt. Henry Cartmill. Lived in Botetourt County, VA with her father and unmarried brothers on Purgatory Creek. Elizabeth Cartmills will was signed 30 May 1854.Probated March 1857
Will Book K, p.70, Botetourt County, Fincastle, VA
Legacy to her niece, Nancy S. Sisson. Executors, her brothers, John and Thomas.
1855-1857 - Thomas and John Cartmill build the mansion Greyledge
Thomas and John Cartmill had become quite wealthy from the iron deposits on their Purgatory Creek properties. Their wealth was apparently built with slave labor as they owned 20-30 slaves.
Historical records suggest construction of the house had begun by late 1854 and had been completed by 1857. Thomas Cartmill purchased window glass and hardware for the house in November 1854. Tax records show a substantial increase in the value of buildings on a 115-acre parcel owned by John and Thomas Cartmill in 1857, from zero to $3,000. Presumably this figure represents the completion of the house in 1855 or 1856. Within three years of completion both Thomas Cartmill and John Cartmill died and the house was left to their niece Ann Sisson.
1858 - Thomas Cartmill died
Thomas Cartmills will was signed 3 Aug 1858 and was probated September 1858.
Will Book K, p.278, Botetourt County, Fincastle, VA
Heirs, Ann Sisson, niece and John Cartmill, brother. His brother John executor.
1859 - John Cartmill died
John Cartmills will was signed 23 Aug 1858 and was Probated May 1859.
Will Book K, p.440, Botetourt County, Fincastle, VA
Legacy to his niece, Ann Sisson, heir of James Sisson by Polly Cartmill Sisson, Johns interest in the homestead place and everything on the place including slaves, with Ann Sisson as executor of the part left to James Sissons heirs. Legacy to heirs of Thomas Brown by Ann Cartmill Brown, with Francis Henderson and Thomas Brown as executors to that part left to the heirs of Thomas Brown deceased. Executors Bond of $1000, given by Francis Henderson, Thomas Brown and James Hogshead on estate of John Cartmill. Bond given on 12 March 1860. Will probated at May court, 1859.
With the death of John, the estate passed into the hands of the heirs of Lt. Henrys two married daughters. Also with the death of John the Cartmill name disappeared from Virginia. Lt. Henry and his children were the last of the Cartmills in the state of VA. All the other Cartmill families had moved west by about 1820 leaving only Henry and his family in Botetourt County . None of Henrys sons married and when the last surviving son John died in 1859, the name died with him in VA.
1860 - VA Census
Sisson, Ann 35 VA Farmer 1825 33 slaves, unmarried
1860 Botetourt County, VA, page 193, household 504
This is Ann Skillern Sisson, daughter of Mary Polly Cartmill and James Sisson. Ann was the niece of John and Thomas Cartmill, the sons of Lt. Henry Cartmill who built the mansion Greyledge in 1855-1857. Ann inherited all the property of John and Thomas Cartmill after they both died (mansion and slaves). Thomas died in Aug 1858 and John died before May 1859. Ann was listed with Personal Property = $28,000 (slaves) but no value was entered on the census page for Real Property Value. Next door in Household #505 was Allen Mitchel, a 36 year old Overseer. Allen probably worked for Ann Sisson since she had 33 slaves at the time.
Ann Sisson married Charles K. Gorgas in August 1860. Charles Gorgas was a nephew of Botetourte ironmaster William Weaver. Charles Gorgas died of pneumonia in March 1862 and Ann inherited his Etna Furnace property. Ann then married Captain Hiram Hansbrough in December 1866. Ann and Hiram Hansbrough had been married 19 years when Ann died in June 1885. After Anns death Hansbrough acquired her Purgatory Creek lands, although the inheritance was contested by Anns surviving brothers and sisters and their heirs. On September 11, 1893 the County Court ordered Ann's estate be divided into fourteen parcels and sold.